I have been a Professional photographer for the last 15 years, I can help you with this. There are a few tricks you need to know if you really want to get perfect pictures. Let me show you the most important ones:
What’s in front and at the back of the object get blurred at larger aperture (F1.4), and get sharper as you lower the aperture toward (F22). People portrait image look better with large apertures, but nature landscape are better at smaller apertures. To change Aperture, you have to set your camera on “Aperture Priority”. See the effects below:
Subject should not be right in the middle, if you really want a well composed image. It’s a well known rule, that every Professional Photographers knows and applies. You have to split your image in three horizontally and vertically sections, and compose your image so your subject is on the intersecting lines. It makes the image more interesting. Just like this:
Most of the time the main subject should be in focus. When shooting people, focus should almost always be on the eyes. On the image below, the focus point was at the wrong place:
Nobody look good with only one arm or leg, and your cat or dog won’t either with theirs tails or pawns cut off.
Don’t have things in the background that distract people attention from your main subject. On this image, the stairs and car in the back are distracting and should be removed:
This image was created with the camera following the moto.
Colorful images are always pleasing to the eyes.
Macro is when you want to take close-up of small subjects, like flowers, insect,etc.
What we call twilight are the 40 minutes before sunrise and the 40 minutes after the Sunset. At those times, you can balance the light from the sky to city lightings. You just get perfect pictures compared to what you can get during day time or in complete night time.
Here’s also some exemples from Google Images
What look nice in reality also look nice on photo. Most of the photographies I sold online, were from people that also look good in person. They might cost a little bit more to hire, but the rewards are really worth the effort. It is simply more profitable.